Frequently Recommended Travel Vaccinations 

VACCINE - HOW DISEASE SPREADS- DETAILS

Hepatitis A

Food & Water.

The hepatitis A vaccine is given in 2 doses, 6 months apart. The vaccine is nearly 100% effective and has been a routine childhood vaccine in the United States since 2005.

Recommended for most travelers

Hepatitis B

Blood & Body Fluids

Series of 3 vaccines

The vaccine is recommended for extended stay travelers, people with chronic conditions, older people, healthcare workers, and people who participate in high-risk activities (such as injection drug use and unprotected sex). Other travelers may consider the vaccine, especially since some countries may not screen their blood supply, and travelers could become infected by a blood transfusion.

​This has been considered a routine U.S. childhood vaccine since 1995.

Typhoid Fever

Food & Water

Single shot lasts 2 years.

Oral vaccine four doses: one capsule every other day for a week lasts 5 years, Oral must be kept in refrigerator.

Yellow Fever (now available)

Mosquito

Required in certain countries or parts of countries

For travelers over 8 months of age. At least 10 days before a trip.

A vaccine booster after 10 years is recommended for certain people.

Rabies

Saliva of Infected Animals

Vaccine recommended for long-term travelers and those who may come in contact with animals in certain countries.

Meningitis

Airborne & Direct Contact

Vaccination is recommended or required (Saudi Arabia Hajj)  in sub-Saharan Africa during the dry season (December through June)

You need a booster dose, usually every 5 years if you remain at increased risk.

Infants and young children will need more than one dose of a recommended vaccine

Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR)

Various Vectors

Adolescents and adults who have not had measles or have not been vaccinated should get 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days

Adults born in 1957 or later should receive at least 1 dose of MMR vaccine booster. However, persons who received measles vaccine of unknown type, inactivated measles vaccine, or further attenuated measles vaccine  should be considered unvaccinated and should be revaccinated with 1 or 2 doses of MMR vaccine. Persons vaccinated before 1979 with either killed mumps vaccine or mumps vaccine of unknown type who are at high risk for mumps infection (e.g., persons who are working in a health-care facility) should be considered for revaccination with 2 doses of MMR vaccine.

Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis)

Wounds & Airborne

Adults 19 or older who received childhood DTP vaccines should receive a single dose of Tdap vaccine booster for pertussis.

Tetanus

Td (tetanus/diphtheria) vaccine (without pertussis) which you should receive every 10 years or after an exposure to tetanus

Chickenpox

Direct Contact & Airborne

Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox.

CDC recommends varicella vaccine for all people aged ≥12 months without evidence of immunity to varicella who do not have contraindications. For people aged ≥13 years: 2 doses of vaccine administered at least 4 weeks apart.

SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19)

Airborne and Direct Contact

All travelers > 16 should receive.

Pneumonia

Airborne

All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive

Influenza

Airborne

Vaccine should be given each Fall

Those over 65 should receive the high dose vaccine

Polio

Food & Water

Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries.

Travelers going to certain parts of Africa and Asia may be at risk for polio. Everyone should be up-to-date with their routine polio vaccination series. Adult travelers who are unvaccinated, are incompletely vaccinated, or have an unknown vaccination status for polio should receive 3 doses of IPV

In addition, a one-time adult polio vaccine booster dose is recommended for previously vaccinated travelers to certain countries 

All adult travelers who have completed a routine series of polio vaccine and an adult IPV booster dose, who will be in a polio-infected country for >4 weeks, and whose last dose of IPV was administered >12 months before the date they plan to exit the polio-infected country, should receive an additional dose of IPV.

Japanese Encephalitis

mosquito

Asia -higher risk if you are traveling to rural areas, will be outside frequently, or will be traveling for > 1 month

JE vaccine is is given as a two-dose series, with doses spaced 28 days apart. Adults aged 18–65 years can get the second dose as early as 7 days after the first. Give the second dose at least 1 week before travel. Administer a booster dose at least 1 year after completion of the primary series to travelers who remain at risk for JE infection.

Cholera

food and water

Cholera vaccine recommended for adult (18–64 years) travelers to an area of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 transmission. An area of active transmission is defined as an administrative subdivision where cases have been reported within the past year.